Volume 13, No. 1
November 2000

Mercurial Matters

Annual Meetings

Letters to the Editor

Urban Legends & the Challenges of Standardization

Paul Israel Wins Dexter Prize

Email & Website Report

An Artificial Line, or Technology as Spectrology

A Daemon in Her Shape

Lincoln Labs Turns 50

Vogue Picture Records

Media Ecology Book Awards

Contact Us

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An Artificial Line, or
Technology as Spectrology:
Governing Circuit Profit and Surplus

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What is an Artificial Line Circuit?

Paul C. Hoernel featured this illustration of two Bell Lab employees, W. G. Breivogel and C. B. Northrup, setting up an artificial line of telephony. As he put it, “by proper connections of the equipment a great variety of actual lines may be simulated” (1925, p. 57).